Tuesday, 25 August 2009

Hadith: 3 Parts of Ramadan

In a Hadith reported by Salman Al-Farisi: "...The first third of the month of Ramadan is the time for mercy, the second third is for forgiveness, the third is for release from Hellfire…" (Ibn Khuzaymah)

Did you know that....?

  • Fasting is a forgiveness of sins.
  • Ramadan is when the Mercy and Blessings of Allah descend upon us continuously.
  • Fasting is purification and a way of feeling closer to Allah.
  • The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “whosoever does not give up telling lies or acting in a false manner, Allah has no need for his giving up eating or drinking.”
  • There is blessing in sahur, the pre-dawn meal.
  • In Ramadan, the devils and rebellious jinn are chained up, the doors of Paradise are opened and the doors of Hell are closed.
  • Fasting is more than giving up food and drink; it is about improving behaviour and refraining from sin; so no lying, backbiting or being rude to others.


  1. So the hadith about Ramadan being divided in to 3 parts is a fabrication as the narraters are considered weak?

  2. Yes, but please also read this: https://thuriayaa.wordpress.com/2013/07/21/alert-weak-hadith-ramadan-1st-part-mercy-2nd-part-forgiveness/

  3. Rasool Allah (SallAllahu Alaihi Wassallam) said “The first part of the month of Ramadaan is mercy, the middle of it is forgiveness and the end of it is freedom from the Fire.”

    First Part is Mercy so does it mean that such a great Mercy of Allah (swt) is only for the first part and it is not going to be throughout the remaining Ramadaan?

    Everything begins with the Mercy of Allah (swt) including Ramadaan ul Mubarak.

    The first Verse in the Entire Quran begins with Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim
    With the Name of Allah (swt) The Most Gracious The Most Merciful

    The entire creation began with the Mercy of Allah (swt).

    Messenger of Allah (SallAllahu Alaihi Wassallam) said: When Allah decreed the Creation He pledged Himself by writing in His book which is laid down with Him: My mercy prevails over my wrath. (al-Bukhari, an-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah)

    Each one of us was created individually due to Mercy of Allah (swt) in our mother’s womb:

    Surah Imran Verse 6
    It is He Who shapes you in the wombs of your mothers as He wills.

    He used the word Arhaam for womb (derived from Rahm which means Mercy)

    The arrival of the Rasool Allah (sallAllahu Alaihi wassallam) and the completion of revelation is a great part of His Mercy

    Surah Al Anbiya Verse 107
    And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) not but as a mercy for the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)

    Therefore everything begins with the Mercy including Ramadaan.

    Even though the 2nd and the 3rd part of Ramadaan are assigned for forgiveness and safety from hell fire yet it is due to His initial Mercy that believers will be forgiven and are protected from fire.

    Surah Al Araaf Verse 156 ..
    "With my punishment do I afflict whom I will - but My Grace overspreads everything....

    ...and it is due to this Mercy that Angels in the Heavens pray for His Mercy 1st, His Forgiveness Second and then Safety from the Fire 3rd, for all believers including in the Holy Month of Ramadaan, the Month of the Quran.

    Surah Al Ghafir Verse 7
    Those [angels] who carry the Throne and those around it exalt [ Allah ] with praise of their Lord and believe in Him and ask forgiveness for those who have believed, [saying], "Our Lord, You have encompassed all things in Mercy and knowledge, so Forgive those who have repented and followed Your way and protect them from the punishment of Hellfire.

    ....and they do this throughout Ramadaan till the last nights including Night of Laylatul Qadr...

    Surah Al Qadr Verse 4 and 5
    Therein descend the angels and the Ruh (Angel Gabriel) by their Lord's permission with every matter. There is peace until the appearance of dawn

    Rasool Allah (sallAllahu Alaihi Wassallam) said to recite this dua in the last 10 nights of Ramadaan:

    Allahumma innaka 'afuwwun tuhibbul 'afwa fa'fu 'annee
    O Allah, You are The One Who pardons greatly, and You love to pardon, so pardon me.

    The Purpose in Ramadaan is to attain His Forgiveness so we are saved from the Punishment in the Hereafter through His Mercy.

    Narration from Anas (r.a) and others, which states that the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi Wassallam) climbed up on the Minbar, and then said (Ameen). It was said 'O Messenger of Allah (swt), why did you say Ameen?" He said:

    Jibril (Alaihi Salaam) came to me and said "O Muhammad, he is doomed who sees the month of Ramadaan come and go, and he has not been forgiven." He said, "Say Ameen," so I said Ameen. (Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 5 (Abridged) Shaikh Safiur Rahmaan Al-Mubarakpuri - Darus Salaam)