To discuss whats happening in the Muslim world and what can we do about it.
Thursday, 8 December 2016
Biblical and Qur’anic Names of God | Rabbi Allen S. Maller
But for those religions that trace their prophets back to Prophet Abraham, and his two sons Ishmael and Isaac, the many names of God simply describe different aspects or attributes of the one God’s multifaceted personality.
God’s names are appellations: titles and descriptions. Thus to say that God is a King or Judge describes one of many ways God acts. To say that God is the Compassionate One is to describe one of many character or personality traits of the one God.
While each of the many ‘names’ for the one God is only one of the many appellations of the one universal creator of space and time; both Islam and Judaism also have one special Divine name that is always in the believer’s heart and soul.
Because the Qur’an is filled with beautiful Arabic poetry, it is not surprising that the Qur’an is also filled with so many names of God.
Because the Jewish tradition reaches back more than thirty five centuries; it is not surprising that Jews have focused on many additional names for the one and only God over those many centuries.
Yet, because all the many names of God call upon the same One God, it is also not surprising that many of the 99 beautiful names of God in Muslim tradition also appear in Jewish tradition, which sometimes refers to the 70 names of God (found in Midrash Shir HaShirim and Midrash Otiot Rabbi Akiba).
Since Arabic and Hebrew are brother languages; in some cases the names even sound alike:
ArabicHebrewEnglish Al-Raḥman Ha Rakhaman the Compassionate One Al-Raḥim El Rakhum the Merciful One Al-Quddus Ha Kadosh the Holy One Al-Bari Ha Boray the Creator Al-¢Aliyy El Elyon the Most High Al-Salam Oseh HaShalom the Peacemaker Malik Al Mulk Melek Malkay Melakim the King/Ruler over all the kingdom/ kings Al-Muhyi Ha Michayah the Giver of Life Al-Mumit Ha Maymeet the Taker of Life
Most of the similarities between Jewish and Muslim appellations of God are not due to linguistics alone. They reflect similar philosophical views of God’s attributes.